šŸ“ Abstract

Background
Clinical trials of HER2-directed therapy that omit neoadjuvant conventional chemotherapy for HER+ breast cancer demonstrate that a subset of patients still obtains a pCR. Identifying tumor characteristics which predict pCR may help select patients for de-escalated neoadjuvant dual HER2-targeted treatment without chemotherapy. This is the first study evaluating the HER2/CEP17 ratio by FISH as a biomarker to predict pCR among patients who received neoadjuvant anti-HER2 regimens without chemotherapy.

Patients and Methods
Data from patients with locally advanced HER2+ breast cancer who received neoadjuvant dual HER2-targeted therapy without conventional chemotherapy from a single center was retrospectively reviewed. All patients were enrolled in one of 3 clinical trials evaluating chemotherapy de-escalation. Logistic regression modeling assessed for a relationship between the HER2/CEP17 FISH ratio obtained from baseline tissue biopsy and pCR based on pathology at the time of definitive breast surgery following neoadjuvant treatment.

Results
Following neoadjuvant treatment with dual HER2-targeted therapies in 56 patients, the probability of pCR was 73% among patients with a HER2 ratio of 13.1 compared to a probability of 38% among patients with HER2 ratio of 5.5 (OR 4.14, 95% CI 1.44-11.89; Pā€…=ā€….012). This positive association persisted after controlling for different treatment regimens administered (OR 2.87, 95% CI 0.9-9.18, Pā€…=ā€….020).

Conclusions
These data found a positive association between the HER2/CEP17 FISH ratio and pCR following neoadjuvant dual HER2-targeted therapy without chemotherapy. Larger prospective studies are needed to validate the HER2 ratio as a biomarker to select patients for neoadjuvant dual anti-HER2 therapy without chemotherapy.

Project Details

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šŸš© Project Title:

Using the HER2/CEP17 FISH Ratio to Predict Pathologic Complete Response Following Neoadjuvant Anti-HER2 Doublet Therapy in HER2+ Breast Cancer

šŸ“– Publication Date:

December 10, 2022