📝 Abstract

Intravascular imaging (IVI), including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), improves outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTOs). We sought to quantify temporal trends in the uptake of IVI for CTO-PCI in the United States. We identified adults who underwent single-vessel PCI for CTO between 2008 and 2020. We quantified yearly trends in the number of IVUS-guided and OCT-guided single-vessel CTO-PCIs by Cochran-Armitage and linear regression tests. We also examined the rates of inhospital mortality and other prespecified inhospital outcomes in patients who underwent CTO-PCIs with and without IVI, using logistic regression. Our study included a total of 151,998 PCIs on single-vessel CTOs, with the absolute number of CTO-PCIs decreasing from 12,345 in 2008 to 8,525 in 2020 (p trend <0.001). IVUS use has increased dramatically from 6% in 2008 to 18% in 2020 for single-vessel CTO-PCIs (p trend <0.001). Rates of OCT use have increased as well, from 0% in 2008 to 7% in 2020 (p trend <0.001). There was no difference in inhospital mortality between patients who underwent CTO-PCI with and without IVI (p logistic = 0.60). In the largest national analysis of single-vessel CTO-PCI trends to date, we found that the use of IVUS has increased substantially accompanied by a similar but lesser increase in the use of OCT. There were no differences in rates of inhospital mortality between patients who underwent single-vessel CTO-PCIs with and without IVI.

Project Details

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🚩 Project Title:

Trends and In-hospital Outcomes of Intravascular Imaging on Single-Vessel Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion Treated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

📖 Publication Date:

September 6, 2023